Malawi-Israel Labor Exportation Deal: Addressing Unemployment Challenges and Ensuring Transparency in Recruitment Procedures

By Twink Jones Gadama

The labor exportation deal between Malawi and Israel governments has continued to attract attention as yet another group of 140 Malawian youths prepares to leave the country for employment opportunities in Israel. This initiative aims to tackle the persistently high unemployment rate in Malawi while providing a valuable source of human capital for Israeli farms. However, concerns have been raised regarding the recruitment procedure and the need for transparency in the process. This backgrounder feature aims to provide an extensive analysis of the facts surrounding this labor exportation deal, shedding light on the benefits, challenges, and the necessity for clear guidelines in recruitment procedures.

Unemployment Challenges in Malawi

Malawi, a landlocked country located in southeastern Africa, has been grappling with high unemployment rates for years. The lack of job opportunities, particularly for the youth, has led to significant economic and social consequences. With an economy heavily reliant on agriculture, Malawi has struggled to create enough productive jobs in various sectors to meet the demand for employment. The labor exportation deal with Israel provides an opportunity for Malawian youths to gain employment in the agricultural sector, both as a means of addressing unemployment and contributing to the country’s economic development.

Labor Exportation Deal between Malawi and Israel

The labor exportation deal between Malawi and Israel governments was first established to meet the labor requirements of Israeli farms. Under this agreement, Malawian youths are offered the chance to work in Israel for a fixed period, typically in the agricultural sector. The number of Malawian workers employed in Israel has been gradually increasing, with the latest group of 140 individuals scheduled to depart on Wednesday.

Role of Arama Employment Agency

Arama Employment Agency, headed by Justice Kangulu, has been at the forefront of facilitating the labor exportation process. Kangulu has confirmed the charter plane’s departure time and has stressed the importance of orienting prospective employees about their roles and responsibilities before signing contractual agreements. The agency plays a significant role in coordinating the recruitment process, ensuring that the selected individuals meet the requirements and are adequately prepared for their employment in Israel.

Current Situation and Impact on Unemployment

According to the Minister of Information, Moses Kumkuyu, over 700 Malawian youths are currently employed in Israel through this labor exportation program. This indicates that the initiative has been successful in providing employment opportunities for young Malawians, thus easing the unemployment burden. By working in Israeli farms, these individuals also gain valuable skills and knowledge in agriculture, which can be utilized upon their return to Malawi, potentially contributing to the growth of the agricultural sector.

Human Rights Concerns and the Need for Transparency:

Although the labor exportation deal has shown promise in addressing unemployment, there are concerns surrounding the recruitment procedure and the need for transparency. Human rights activist Michael Kayiyatsa emphasizes the importance of the government providing detailed information regarding the recruitment process. This includes ensuring that the selection process is fair, the terms and conditions of employment are clearly communicated, and the rights of the workers are protected. Transparency and accountability in the recruitment procedure are essential to avoid potential exploitation and ensure the success of this labor exportation program.

Government Response and Enhancing Transparency

In response to concerns about the recruitment procedure, the government needs to provide comprehensive information regarding the selection process. This includes detailing the criteria for selection, the steps taken to ensure fair recruitment, and the mechanisms in place to protect the rights of the workers. Additionally, the government should establish monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to assess the working conditions, welfare, and treatment of Malawian workers in Israel. Such measures would contribute to transparency, accountability, and the overall success of the labor exportation deal.


The labor exportation deal between Malawi and Israel presents an opportunity to address the country’s high unemployment rate while offering Malawian youths valuable employment experiences in the agricultural sector. However, it is crucial to ensure transparency in the recruitment process and protect the rights of the workers. Through clear guidelines and effective monitoring, the government can further enhance the implementation of this program, leading to a potential reduction in unemployment and improved economic prospects for both Malawi and its citizens.